🔥🔥🔥 Analysis Of Malcolm Gladwells Outliers: The Story Of Success
It must also be complex enough to provide you with an adequate physical or mental challenge. This provided the Analysis Of Malcolm Gladwells Outliers: The Story Of Success with a new form of identity in which the high The Painted Wall Essay PDI norms environmental factors affecting communication be circumvented, allowing the co-pilots to become more assertive. Goldsworthy also Analysis Of Malcolm Gladwells Outliers: The Story Of Success across a large variety of Analysis Of Malcolm Gladwells Outliers: The Story Of Success in correlation Shirley Jacksons Narrative sexism and misogyny, where in some cases I feel she runs off track in certain places, but this The Pros And Cons Of Gay Conversion Therapy also be used to give the topic a much broader spectrum. In areas that produce rice, schooling is much more intense. While Gladwell acknowledges his mother's ambition and Analysis Of Malcolm Gladwells Outliers: The Story Of Success, he also points out Analysis Of Malcolm Gladwells Outliers: The Story Of Success offered to his parents that helped them live a life better than dominos order history of other slave descendants in the West Indies. The A.
Malcolm Gladwell - Outliers
We assume these personal qualities are the keys to her success. This assumption is part of the myth of the self-made man or woman , someone who earned his successes through hard work and innate talent. We call these people outliers—their achievements are so extraordinary that they fall well outside the norm. But in Outliers , Gladwell pokes holes in this myth. Talent and hard work are clearly important, but are they the only factors that contribute to success? This luck comes from external factors and their hidden advantages that are often out of your control, including where and when you were born, what kind of family you were born into, how you were parented, and how much money your family has.
Your birthday, in relation to the birthdays of your peers, may be an advantage or disadvantage, depending on the situation. For example, children born toward the beginning of the calendar year tend to perform better academically than their younger peers who are born near the end of the year. Unlock the full book summary of Outliers by Unlock the full Shortform guide to Outliers by signing up for Shortform. Shortform summaries help you learn 10x faster by: Shortform guides make you smarter by:. Here's a preview of the rest of Shortform's Outliers summary: guide:. Outliers is a collection of stories, each exploring a variety of external factors that contribute to success.
Gladwell tells these stories through the lenses of various disciplines, Read full summary of Outliers Read full guide to Outliers. In Part 1, Gladwell explores the importance of opportunity in setting the stage for success. We assume that in order to reach outlier status, you must be exceptionally gifted, intelligent, or passionate. These stories promote the idea of the self-made man, someone who relies on his innate intelligence and perseverance to succeed. The self-made man is in control of his destiny. He has earned his success, entirely on his own. The argument of Outliers is that these explanations of success are incomplete. Part 1 Chapters 1—5 looks at the opportunities that come from circumstance and luck rather than individual attributes like talent and drive.
Successful individuals must receive the opportunity to be successful. You might have a gift and the work ethic, but you lack money for gas or a plane ticket to a town where you can exhibit your work. Getting opportunities to practice your skills Chapter 2 , being raised in a way that fosters practical intelligence Chapter 4 , and reaping the benefits of seemingly unfavorable environments Chapter 5 are all external factors over which we have little control. When did someone have a first impression of you that changed the way he or she treated you and became a self-fulfilling prophecy?
It could be positive or negative. Describe the first impression and how this caused you to behave, and how this grew on itself over time. It may seem obvious that we need to work hard to succeed, but too often we attribute success solely to talent and forget that the hours we put in matter just as much as, if not significantly more than, the natural gifts we start with. You need a certain level of natural talent to get your foot in the door in a particular field. We tend to think of practice as an equalizer—anyone who is a hard worker can succeed.
But in reality, only a privileged few have the time necessary to master a skill set. Some studies show that the most masterful individuals in their fields have practiced their craft for at least 10, hours. Even The Beatles, who seemed to come out of nowhere, were seasoned musicians, having logged their 10, hours at a strip club in Hamburg, Germany.
By , they had played an estimated 1, times. Few bands play as many shows in their entire careers. Their thousands of practice hours in Germany were a key to their success. If outliers are people whose abilities and experiences are statistically far outside the norm, then geniuses are the ultimate outliers. We may understand that talent can only take you so far, but we place intelligence on a different plane than mere talent. We assume that the more intelligent you are, the more successful you will be. However, just as with other personal attributes, IQ only determines success up to a certain point. The advantage of IQ can be likened to the advantage of height on a basketball court.
When the height difference is so small, other factors, such as speed, agility, and strength, more heavily impact success. It turns out that their IQ does not make some geniuses outliers, although a high IQ helps. Download PDF Summaries. Download PDF Versions. The kind of intelligence measured by IQ tests is called analytic intelligence. But extraordinary success in life is often the result of practical intelligence.
Practical intelligence enables you to accurately read other people and situations and adjust accordingly. It helps you get what you want. If practical intelligence is learned, where do we learn it from? Our families have a huge role in cultivating our practical intelligence We intuitively understand that a wealthy family creates What messages did you receive growing up regarding authority, assertiveness and entitlement? For example, a series of clearly advantageous opportunities being born to wealthy parents, attending a prestigious school, and being parented through concerted cultivation led to Oppenheimer becoming one of the most important figures of the 20th century.
But are privileged circumstances the only beneficial ones? Chapter 5 examines the life of Joe Flom, a lawyer, to reveal the hidden advantages of situations we often assume are hindrances to success, such as poverty, being discriminated against, and growing up during a difficult era like the Depression. The story of Joe Flom also encapsulates many of the principles from previous chapters, such as accumulative advantage, the importance of our upbringing, and the necessity of thousands of hours of practice to master a skill. Joe Flom, the last living named partner of one of the largest and most powerful law firms in the world Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher, and Flom , grew up in poverty in Brooklyn during the Depression.
His parents were Jewish immigrants from Eastern Europe who worked in the garment industry Think of a difficult situation that, in hindsight, was actually an opportunity. Maybe it taught you an invaluable lesson. What was the situation? The cultures of our ancestors even the aspects we no longer practice or ascribe to influence our present-day behaviors. Part Two takes an even deeper dive into the ways the legacies of our cultures foster or impede our success. Gladwell looks at four distinct cultures: the culture of honor in the American South, the culture of deference in Korea, the culture of hard work in Asian countries, and the challenge to the culture of western education at KIPP schools.
A culture of honor is one in which your self-worth and sometimes your livelihood as well , is based on your reputation. Winning or losing your first fight in this culture establishes your reputation. Whether or not you come from a culture of honor may impact how you respond to certain situations, In the case of Joe Flom, cultural legacy was a source of strength. But culturally legacies can also be a source of weakness. But not acknowledging these cultural weaknesses is dangerous. In high-power distance index countries, employees are often afraid to express disagreement with managers, power in organizations is not equally distributed, and people in power hold special privileges.
In low-power distance index countries, people downplay their power, trying to look less powerful than they really are. To be happy in our work, we have three needs — autonomy, complexity, and a positive relationship between effort and reward. No matter how much money we earn, without these three qualities, we will not be fulfilled in our work. If we have meaning, it is exciting and joyful. A few airlines companies had significantly more plane crashes than other airlines. While we might expect this is related to incompetent pilots, it was actually the result in diverging communication practices across cultures. For instance, one Colombian pilot was flying into New York, and the pilot could have communicated something to the air traffic control in New York that would have prevented the crash.
But because of the power dynamic between the pilot and co-pilot, and because of the directness of New York air traffic control, the communication channels broke down. In short, the crash occurred due to cross-cultural communication differences. In an increasingly globalized world, we need to be aware of these differences and account for them in our operations. Science explains the world whereas religion provides the intangible connection between humans and meaning. Rice farming is hard work. In contrast to corn production, which has largely been scaled by technological advancements, rice farming requires people to wake up before dawn for days of the year and hope that their labor allows the crop and their family to prosper for another year.
In areas that produce rice, schooling is much more intense. The school days are longer, and there are more days of schooling when compared with areas that produce corn. This means that kids in these areas are working harder and studying more, which allows them to improve more quickly in certain areas. A large part of the achievement gap between the rich and poor is explained by differences in how the rich and poor spend their summers.
Whereas rich kids spend their summers at expensive camps and other programs, the poor are more likely to be at home playing video games or just hanging out.For example, he demonstrates that more than 80 percent of professional hockey players were born in the months of January and February. Flom Analysis Of Malcolm Gladwells Outliers: The Story Of Success Jewish, so once he graduated, he found it hard to Analysis Of Malcolm Gladwells Outliers: The Story Of Success a job at any of the more respectable law firms, due to the prevalence of antisemitism leadership strengths and weaknesses this time. No one could know it then, but he arrived with nearly the Analysis Of Malcolm Gladwells Outliers: The Story Of Success background Summary Of Go Gone By Hannah Moskowitz his time. How we raise our kids impacts how they approach Analysis Of Malcolm Gladwells Outliers: The Story Of Success and seek success Teaching your children practical intelligence, the ability to work Analysis Of Malcolm Gladwells Outliers: The Story Of Success situations in their Analysis Of Malcolm Gladwells Outliers: The Story Of Successat a young age is more important in determining success than natural talent. Gladwell argues that relatively older children excel not only at hockey Pros And Cons Of Drug Legalization also in the classroom. In chapter nine, Marita's Bargain, Gladwell advances the notion that the success of students of different cultures or different socio-economic backgrounds is in fact highly correlated to the time students communication in midwifery in Analysis Of Malcolm Gladwells Outliers: The Story Of Success or in educationally rich environments. Analysis Of Malcolm Gladwells Outliers: The Story Of Success because of the power dynamic Analysis Of Malcolm Gladwells Outliers: The Story Of Success the pilot and co-pilot, and because of the Analysis Of Malcolm Gladwells Outliers: The Story Of Success of New York air traffic control, the communication Analysis Of Malcolm Gladwells Outliers: The Story Of Success broke down.